The World of Warcraft API has a list of functions that you can interact with and to talk with WoW using Lua. These are your building blocks for manipulating WoW windows and chat boxes and so forth. Looking at these for the first time can be very daunting. But don't be discouraged. After getting more familiar with Lua the WoW API gets much easier, and the documentation gets much easier to read. Keep in mind there are many different ways to accomplish your goals, so when going though the API keep looking until you find a way that best suits what you need.
Last I wanna share a curious bug that almost freezes my game and force me to disable the addon. Anytime I add a (Citadel Crossbow [of the Fireflash]) my fps go from 75 to 22, and It's on a paladin, paladins dont even use crossbows. I noticed everytime I put something in my bags the addon takes the math and my fps goes from 75 to ~22 for a while (3 to 7 seconds) and is think it's internal and also think it's fine.
Possibly the most complicated Addon I have ever used it is also one of the most powerful. You can build custom Visual and Audio warnings for virtually any situation in the Game. I have used it for Buff Stacks Low HP and Ability Cooldowns many times over the years on various Characters. Blizzard added similar Visual Warnings in Cataclysm.Git Repository: https://github.com/Geigerkind/ModifiedPowerAuras
Obtain your heirloom rings. Ghost Pirate Rings can be obtained via Shipyard missions. You can equip one ring from this category. A Dread Pirate Ring can be obtained via placing at least second in the weekly Stranglethorn Fishing Extravaganza, which on many realms is a very competitive event. Note that to obtain the Ghost Pirate Rings, you will need a max level character with a garrison of at least level 3. You you will also have to develop your Shipyard to the appropriate level to receive the mission. Your other heirloom gear will still give you a big boost if you choose not to go for these.